Types of Change
When discussing change management, people often think of significant, organization-wide change. While that might be the case, change can also be limited to implementing a piece of software of introducing a new member to the team.
Resistance to Change
Any change brings feelings of anxiety with it. The reason most change initiatives fail is the people responsible for seeing that change through were not fully invested in the change. While they may not actively sabotage the initiative, they were not committed enough to see it through.
Some of the more common causes of anxiety are:
When people know change is on the horizon, they have no idea what the future holds for them. Rosabeth Moss Kanter's quote, right, perfectly describes people's resistance to uncertainty. Most of the time, people would rather suffer than change and face uncertainty. This sentiment is summarized in the saying, "better the devil you know than the one you don't."
Fear of incompetence
People develop systems and patterns to achieve competence. When facing change, they inherently worry that they will no longer be as proficient or competent.
Loss of Control
As individuals learn their processes, they also learn what they can and can't control. Steven Covey gave us the Circle of Influence model, which describes the things control as the circle of influence and the things we can't as the circle of concern. As the name implies, the more time we focus on the circle of concern, the more anxiety we have. As we apply more energy to the things we can control, the circle of influence gets bigger and reduces anxiety.
People tend to naturally drift towards the circle of influence as they become more understanding of their environment. When change is introduce, they worry that their circle of influence will reset to zero, representing a complete loss of control.
People are bright. They know that any change requires effort. They know they will need to upset their routine to implement the change. They also realize it will take time to learn the new way of doing things. They don't like to upset their routines and will worry that it will be more difficult to keep up with their daily work while tending to change initiatives.
It's important to understand why people are resistant to change. In a perfect world, everyone naturally comes on board and is excited, but that rarely happens. The following steps can help in getting the stakeholders of change on board. Once everyone is on board, making successful change becomes much easier.
9 Steps to Manage Change
1. Create Excitement
Creating urgency comes down to clearly expressing the why of change. It's important that everyone affected by the change understands why it's important and how their lives will improve after the change has occurred
An effective way to do this is a roll-out meeting. Think of this as a sales pitch because that's what you're doing. You're selling the change and getting people excited about it.
After the roll-out, offer to meet with people individually to share more information or address their concerns.
2. Form a sponsor group
The most important step here sis executive buy-in. The endorsement of change needs to come from the top. Change needs fierce support from the C-Suit and leaders.
It is also important that those affected by the change have endorsement from peers they respect. Identify the sponsors of change. Determine who is excited and form a coalition of team members that will evangelize the change to their peers.
3. Create a vision statement
Create a simple and easy to understand vision statement. This should be similar to the vision statement a company would create. It should define the reason the change exists and the intended outcome of the change
4. Communicate the vision
Now that you have a vision statement, be relentless about communicating it. By nature, excitement dwindles. As people become entrenched in tactical activities, they lose sight of the bigger picture. By consistently communicating the people, you can keep people excited and committed to the change.
5. Clear the path
The mark of a good leader is one that clears the path for the people following them. Identify obstacles early and often. Then, smash them. Be the bushwhacker in front of your team making sure they have the quickest path to success.
Whatever you do, don't become the obstacle with autocratic leadership style or lack of empathy for the discomfort you're people are soldiering through.
6. Celebrate the wins
Identify points a long the way that can be called "wins." Break the big win into sub-sections so that you can celebrate often.
If you set the win around reaching the large objective, your people can get demoralized and demotivated. They can begin to feel like they aren't accomplishing anything.
By breaking wins in to small groups and celebrating progress, you will keep them engaged and give them a sense of accomplishment.
7. Build on change
When you feel the change has been implemented, don't stop. Build on it. By consistently building on change, the change itself will become a part of your culture. Continue to repeat steps one through six.
8. Embed the change in your culture
Make the change stick. Embed it in to your processes and culture. Make pieces of it part of everyone's every day. Make it a subject in recurring meetings.
Determine what defines success and progress, then measure it constantly. Make people accountable to metrics they influence.
Don't use this as a "gotcha" tool. Instead, use it to celebrate success and identify where more support is needed. Assume your team wants to be successful. If they aren't successful, before you assume incompetence, assume they weren't properly equipped. Then, find out what they need to be successful and deliver it.
10. Align resources
This is one of the most important contributing factors to success. Make sure your resources are properly aligned.
Referring back to Rachel's blog, she used implementing boost insurance discovery as the example. She explained how the organization she worked with payed close attention to how they would align resources. They started with assumptions so that they could have alignment before the change was even initiated. Then, they refined the alignment of resources as they learned more.
The point is, without properly aligning resources, it would be easy to implement the change but not reap the benefits.
Change is one of the most difficult things we do. Both personally and organizationally. However, without change, we become obsolete.
Change is necessary to keep up with the changing world around us. As technology advances every day, we also have to change to adapt to new capabilities.
While change might be difficult, properly planning and managing change can make the process much easier and lasting.
Read Rachel's Blog on Preparing for Success